A health company has reached the physical and computing capabilities in its datacenter, but the computing demand continues to increase. The infrastructure is fully virtualized and runs custom and commercial healthcare application that process sensitive health and payment information. Which of the following should the company implement to ensure it can meet the computing demand while complying with healthcare standard for virtualization and cloud computing?
A breach was caused by an insider threat in which customer PII was compromised. Following the breach, a lead security analyst is asked to determine which vulnerabilities the attacker used to access company resources. Which of the following should the analyst use to remediate the vulnerabilities?
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) is reviewing the controls in place to support the organization’s vulnerability management program. The CISO finds patching and vulnerability scanning policies and procedures are in place. However, the CISO is concerned the organization is siloed and is not maintaining awareness of new risks to the organization. The CISO determines systems administrators need to participate in industry security events. Which of the following is the CISO looking to improve?
Several days after deploying an MDM for smartphone control, an organization began noticing anomalous behavior across the enterprise Security analysts observed the following:
• Unauthorized certificate issuance
• Access to mutually authenticated resources utilizing valid but unauthorized certificates
• Granted access to internal resources via the SSL VPN
To address the immediate problem security analysts revoked the erroneous certificates. Which of the following describes the MOST likely root cause of the problem and offers a solution?
Given the following information about a company’s internal network:
User IP space: 192.168.1.0/24
Server IP space: 192.168.192.0/25
A security engineer has been told that there are rogue websites hosted outside of the proper server space, and those websites need to be identified. Which of the following should the engineer do?
A security analyst has requested network engineers integrate sFlow into the SOC’s overall monitoring picture. For this to be a useful addition to the monitoring capabilities, which of the following must be considered by the engineering team?
The Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) has asked the security team to determine whether the organization is susceptible to a zero-day exploit utilized in the banking industry and whether attribution is possible. The CISO has asked what process would be utilized to gather the information, and then wants to apply signatureless controls to stop these kinds of attacks in the future. Which of the following are the MOST appropriate ordered steps to take to meet the CISO’s request?
A security architect is implementing security measures in response to an external audit that found vulnerabilities in the corporate collaboration tool suite. The report identified the lack of any mechanism to provide confidentiality for electronic correspondence between users and between users and group mailboxes. Which of the following controls would BEST mitigate the identified vulnerability?
A security analyst has been assigned incident response duties and must instigate the response on a Windows device that appears to be compromised. Which of the following commands should be executed on the client FIRST?
After the departure of a developer under unpleasant circumstances, the company is concerned about the security of the software to which the developer has access. Which of the following is the BEST way to ensure security of the code following the incident?
A company recently deployed an agent-based DLP solution to all laptop in the environment. The DLP solution is configured to restrict the following:
• USB ports
• FTP connections
• Access to cloud-based storage sites
• Outgoing email attachments
• Saving data on the local C: drive
Despite these restrictions, highly confidential data was from a secure fileshare in the research department. Which of the following should the security team implement FIRST?
A development team is testing an in-house-developed application for bugs. During the test, the application crashes several times due to null pointer exceptions. Which of the following tools, if integrated into an IDE during coding, would identify these bugs routinely?
A consultant is hired to perform a passive vulnerability assessment of a company to determine what information might be collected about the company and its employees. The assessment will be considered successful if the consultant can discover the name of one of the IT administrators. Which of the following is MOST likely to produce the needed information?
A security analyst is troubleshooting a scenario in which an operator should only be allowed to reboot remote hosts but not perform other activities. The analyst inspects the following portions of different configuration files:
Configuration file 1:
Configuration file 2:
Command=”/sbin/shutdown now”, no-x11-forwarding, no-pty, ssh-dss
Configuration file 3:
Which of the following explains why an intended operator cannot perform the intended action?
An organization based in the United States is planning to expand its operations into the European market later in the year Legal counsel is exploring the additional requirements that must be established as a result of the expansion. The BEST course of action would be to
You are a security analyst tasked with interpreting an Nmap scan output from Company A's privileged network.
The company's hardening guidelines indicate the following:
• There should be one primary server or service per device.
• Only default ports should be used.
• Non-secure protocols should be disabled.
Using the Nmap output, identify the devices on the network and their roles, and any open ports that should be closed. For each device found, add a device entry to the Devices Discovered list, with the following information:
• The IP address of the device
• The primary server or service of the device
• The protocol(s) that should be disabled based on the hardening guidelines
see the explanation below:
Add device for 10.1.45.66 as below:
A SaaS provider decides to offer data storage as a service. For simplicity, the company wants to make the service available over industry standard APIs, routable over the public Internet. Which of the following controls offers the MOST protection to the company and its customers' information?
During a security assessment, activities were divided into two phases; internal and external exploitation. The security assessment team set a hard time limit on external activities before moving to a compromised box within the enterprise perimeter.
Which of the following methods is the assessment team most likely to employ NEXT?
A large, multinational company currently has two separate databases One is used for ERP while the second is used for CRM To consolidate services and infrastructure, it is proposed to combine the databases The company's compliance manager is asked to review the proposal and is concerned about this integration Which of the following would pose the MOST concern to the compliance manager?
A software development manager is running a project using agile development methods. The company cybersecurity engineer has noticed a high number of vulnerabilities have been making it into production code on the project.
Which of the following methods could be used in addition to an integrated development environment to reduce the severity of the issue?
A company’s existing forward proxies support software-based TLS decryption, but are currently at 60% load just dealing with AV scanning and content analysis for HTTP traffic. More than 70% outbound web traffic is currently encrypted. The switching and routing network infrastructure precludes adding capacity, preventing the installation of a dedicated TLS decryption system. The network firewall infrastructure is currently at 30% load and has software decryption modules that can be activated by purchasing additional license keys. An existing project is rolling out agent updates to end-user desktops as part of an endpoint security refresh.
Which of the following is the BEST way to address these issues and mitigate risks to the organization?
Click on the exhibit buttons to view the four messages.
A security architect is working with a project team to deliver an important service that stores and processes customer banking details. The project, internally known as ProjectX, is due to launch its first set of features publicly within a week, but the team has not been able to implement encryption-at-rest of the customer records. The security architect is drafting an escalation email to senior leadership.
Which of the following BEST conveys the business impact for senior leadership?
An attacker exploited an unpatched vulnerability in a web framework, and then used an application service account that had an insecure configuration to download a rootkit The attacker was unable to obtain root privileges Instead the attacker then downloaded a crypto-currency mining program and subsequently was discovered The server was taken offline, rebuilt, and patched. Which of the following should the security engineer suggest to help prevent a similar scenario in the future?
A systems administrator has installed a disk wiping utility on all computers across the organization and configured it to perform a seven-pass wipe and an additional pass to overwrite the disk with zeros. The company has also instituted a policy that requires users to erase files containing sensitive information when they are no longer needed.
To ensure the process provides the intended results, an auditor reviews the following content from a randomly selected decommissioned hard disk:
Which of the following should be included in the auditor’s report based on the above findings?
A company enlists a trusted agent to implement a way to authenticate email senders positively Which of the following is the BEST method for the company to prove Vie authenticity of the message?
A user asks a security practitioner for recommendations on securing a home network. The user recently purchased a connected home assistant and multiple IoT devices in an effort to automate the home. Some of the IoT devices are wearables, and other are installed in the user’s automobiles. The current home network is configured as a single flat network behind an ISP-supplied router. The router has a single IP address, and the router performs NAT on incoming traffic to route it to individual devices.
Which of the following security controls would address the user’s privacy concerns and provide the BEST level of security for the home network?
After a large organization has completed the acquisition of a smaller company, the smaller company must implement new host-based security controls to connect its employees’ devices to the network. Given that the network requires 802.1X EAP-PEAP to identify and authenticate devices, which of the following should the security administrator do to integrate the new employees’ devices into the network securely?
Given the following:
Which of the following vulnerabilities is present in the above code snippet?
When reviewing KRIs of the email security appliance with the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) of an insurance company, the security engineer notices the following:
Which of the following measures should the security engineer take to ensure PII is not intercepted in transit while also preventing interruption to business?
A company has hired an external security consultant to conduct a thorough review of all aspects of corporate security. The company is particularly concerned about unauthorized access to its physical offices resulting in network compromises. Which of the following should the consultant recommend be performed to evaluate potential risks?
Following a recent data breach, a company has hired a new Chief Information Security Officer (CISO). The CISO is very concerned about the response time to the previous breach and wishes to know how the security team expects to react to a future attack. Which of the following is the BEST method to achieve this goal while minimizing disruption?
Which of the following is the GREATEST security concern with respect to BYOD?
An incident response analyst is investigating a compromise on a application server within an organization. The analyst identifies an anomalous process that is executing and maintaining a persistent TCP connection to an external IP Which of the following actions should the analyst take NEXT?
The latest security scan of a web application reported multiple high vulnerabilities in session management Which of the following is the BEST way to mitigate the issue?
A security tester is performing a Mack-box assessment of an RFID access control system. The tester has a handful of RFID tags and is able to access the reader However, the tester cannot disassemble the reader because it is in use by the company. Which of the following shows the steps the tester should take to assess the RFID access control system m the correct order?
A new identity management program was recently initialed to reduce risk and improve the employee experience. The environment is complex it does not support rest APIs but has multiple identity stores Password resets are the help desk's top ticket item and it takes the organization weeks to manually create access for new employees. The applications in the scope of the program are the enterprise service bus SaaS web portals and internal web portal. The goals of the program include
• Reducing costs by centralizing authentication and authorization
• Streamlining business processes
• Enabling employees to have immediate access
• Reducing password reset tickets by 90%
To meet the above goals and the business case which of the following authentication and authorization capabilities does the security architect need to implement?
A product owner is working w*h a security engineer to improve the security surrounding certificate revocation which is important for the clients using a web application. The organization is currently using a CRL configuration to manage revocation, but it is looking for a solution that addresses the reporting delays associated with CRLs. The security engineer recommends OCSP but the product owner is concerned about the overhead associated with its use Which of the following would the security engineer MOST likely suggest to address the product owner's concerns?
A human resources employee receives a call from an individual who is representing a background verification firm that is conducting a background check on a prospective candidate. The employee verifies the employment dates and title of the candidate. The caller then requests the employee's email address to complete the verification process. The employee receives an email containing a URL for completing the process. After clicking the link, the employee's workstation is infected with ransomware. Which of the following BEST describes the initial phone call made by the threat actor?
An organization recently suffered a high-impact loss due to a zero-day vulnerability exploited in a concentrator enabling iPSec VPN access for users The attack included a pivot into the internal server subnet. The organization now wants to integrate new changes into its architecture to make a similar future attack less impactful Which of the following changes would BEST achieve this objective''
Several corporate users returned from an international trip with compromised operating systems on their cellular devices Additionally. intelligence reports confirm some international carriers are able to modify firmware unexpectedly even when the WDM policy is set to disable FOTA updates Which of the following mitigations is operationally feasible and MOST likely to reduce the risk of firmware compromise by a carrier white traveling internationally?
A product development team has submitted code snippets for review prior to release.
Analyze the code snippets, and then select one vulnerability, and one fix for each code snippet.
If at any time you would like to bring back the initial state of the simulation, please click the Reset All button.
See the explanation below.
Code sniped 1
Is a easy (and antique) way to pass parameter to the server, and
the most a basic way to do a SQL injection
So the fix is perform input sanitization
Code sniped 2
HTTP GET request method is used to request a resource from the server.
but you can send any HTTP headers with your GET request and
send user authentication data in the Authorization header
So the fix is prevent the «authenticated» value from being overridden by GET parameter.
An engineering team is developing and deploying a fleet of mobile devices to be used for specialized inventory management purposes. These devices should:
* Be based on open-source Android for user familiarity and ease.
* Provide a single application for inventory management of physical assets.
* Permit use of the camera be only the inventory application for the purposes of scanning
* Disallow any and all configuration baseline modifications.
* Restrict all access to any device resource other than those requirement ?
An administrative control that is put in place to ensure one person cannot carry out a critical task independently is:
A consulting firm is performing RD on a machine teaming system to characterize a network environment for new clients rapidly. The goal is to be able to label service/consumer behaviors to establish a "normal baseline. Which of tie following represents the GREATEST limiting factor toward successful deployment of this new machine learning system?
A company decides to procure only laptops that use permanent, solid-stale storage. Which of the following risk mitigation strategies BEST meets the company's requirement to ensure all company data is destroyed before disposing of the laptops?
A recent incident revealed a log entry was modified alter its original creation. Which of the following technologies would BEST ensure end user systems are able to defend against future incidents?
A security technician wants to learn about the latest zero-day threats and newly discovered vulnerabilities but does not have the budget to purchase a commercial threat intelligence service. Which of the following would BEST meet the needs of the security technician? (Select TWO)
An extensive third-party audit reveals a number of weaknesses m a company's endpoint security posture. The most significant issues are as follows:
Which of the following endpoint security solutions mitigate the GREATEST amount of risk?
A security analyst is validating the MAC policy on a set of Android devices. The policy was written to ensure non-critical applications are unable to access certain resources. When reviewing dmesg, the analyst notes many entries such as:
Despite the deny message, this action was still permit following is the MOST likely fix for this issue?
Company policy mandates the secure disposal of sensitive data at the end of the useful lifespan of IT equipment. The IT department donates old devices to charity and recycles truly obsolete equipment In addition to deleting workstations from the systems responsible for monitoring network connections which of the following actions should the company implement? (Select TWO)
An organization uses an internal, web-based chat service that is served by an Apache HTTP daemon. A vulnerability scanner has identified this service is susceptible to a POODLE attack. Which of the following strings within me server's virtual-host configuration block is at fault and needs to be changed?
Over the last 90 days, many storage services has been exposed in the cloud services environments, and the security team does not have the ability to see is creating these instance. Shadow IT is creating data services and instances faster than the small security team can keep up with them. The Chief information security Officer (CIASO) has asked the security officer (CISO) has asked the security lead architect to architect to recommend solutions to this problem.
Which of the following BEST addresses the problem best address the problem with the least amount of administrative effort?
A company has experienced negative publicity associated with users giving out their credentials accidentally or sharing intellectual secrets that were not property defined. The company recently implemented some new process and is now testing their effectiveness Over the last three months the number of phishing victims dropped from 100 to only two in the last test. The DLP solution that was implemented catches potential material leaks and the user responsible is retrained Personal email accounts and USB drives are restricted from the corporate network Given the improvements which of the following would a security engineer identify as being needed n a gap analysis?
Which of the following is a major goal of stakeholder engagement?
The HVAC and fire suppression systems that were recently deployed at multiple locations are susceptible to a new vulnerability A security engineer needs to ensure the vulnerability is not exploited The devices are directly managed by a smart controller and do not need access to other pans of the network Signatures are available to detect this vulnerability Which of the following should be the FIRST step mi completing the request?
The goal of a Chief information Security Officer (CISO) providing up-to-date metrics to a bank’s risk committee is to ensure:
A security analyst is responsible for the completion of a vulnerability assessment at a regional healthcare facility The analyst reviews the following Nmap output:
nmap -v -p scription=SMB-check-value ---scription-ags=unsafe =1 192.168.1.0/24
Which of the following is MOST likely what the security analyst is reviewing?
Which of the following is the BEST way for a company to begin understanding product-based solutions to mitigate a known risk?
A security architect is reviewing the code for a company’s financial website. The architect suggests adding the following HTML element, along with a server-side function, to generate a random number on the page used to initiate a funds transfer:
Which of the following attacks is the security architect attempting to prevent?
A new database application was added to a company’s hosted VM environment. Firewall ACLs were modified to allow database users to access the server remotely. The company’s cloud security broker then identified abnormal from a database user on-site. Upon further investigation, the security team noticed the user ran code on a VM that provided access to the hypervisor directly and access to other sensitive data.
Which of the following should the security do to help mitigate future attacks within the VM environment? (Choose two.)
The finance department has started to use a new payment system that requires strict PII security restrictions on various network devices. The company decides to enforce the restrictions and configure all devices appropriately. Which of the following risk response strategies is being used?
An attacker has been compromising banking institution targets across a regional area. The Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at a local bank wants to detect and prevent an attack before the bank becomes a victim. Which of the following actions should the CISO take?
An enterprise solution requires a central monitoring platform to address the growing networks of various departments and agencies that connect to the network. The current vendor products are not adequate due to the growing number of heterogeneous devices. Which of the following is the primary concern?
A security consultant is conducting a penetration test against a customer enterprise local comprises local hosts and cloud-based servers The hosting service employs a multitenancy model with elastic provisioning to meet customer demand The customer runs multiple virtualized servers on each provisioned cloud host. The security consultant is able to obtain multiple sets of administrator credentials without penetrating the customer network. Which of the following is the MOST likely risk the tester exploited?
A company has completed the implementation of technical and management controls as required by its adopted security, ponies and standards. The implementation took two years and consumed s the budget approved to security projects. The board has denied any further requests for additional budget. Which of the following should the company do to address the residual risk?
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) recently changed jobs into a new industry. The CISO’s first task is to write a new, relevant risk assessment for the organization. Which of the following help to the CISO find relevant risks to the organization? (Choose two.)
A technician uses an old SSL server due to budget constraints and discovers performance degrades dramatically after enabling PFS The technician cannot determine why performance degraded so dramatically A newer version of the SSL server does not suffer the same performance degradation. Performance rather than security is the main priority for the technician
The system specifications and configuration of each system are listed below:
Which of the following is MOST likely the cause of the degradation in performance and should be changed?
A recent security assessment revealed a web application may be vulnerable to clickjacking. According to the application developers, a fix may be months away. Which of the following should a security engineer configure on the web server to help mitigate the issue?
An organization is attempting to harden its web servers and reduce the information that might be disclosed by potential attackers. A security anal... reviewing vulnerability scan result from a recent web server scan.
Portions of the scan results are shown below:
First time detected 10 nov 2015 09:00 GMT_0600
Last time detected 10 nov 2015 09:00 GMT_0600
CVSS base: 5
Access path: http://myorg.com/mailinglist.htm
Request: GET http://mailinglist.aspx?content=volunteer
Which of the following lines indicates information disclosure about the host that needs to be remediated?
A security consultant was hired to audit a company’s password are account policy. The company implements the following controls:
Minimum password length: 16
Maximum password age: 0
Minimum password age: 0
Password complexity: disabled
Store passwords in plain text: disabled
Failed attempts lockout: 3
Lockout timeout: 1 hour
The password database uses salted hashes and PBKDF2. Which of the following is MOST likely to yield the greatest number of plain text passwords in the shortest amount of time?
A security engineer is assessing a new IoT product. The product interfaces with the ODBII port of a vehicle and uses a Bluetooth connection to relay data to an onboard data logger located in the vehicle. The data logger can only transfer data over a custom USB cable. The engineer suspects a relay attack is possible against the cryptographic implementation used to secure messages between segments of the system. Which of the following tools should the engineer use to confirm the analysis?
A company is migrating systems from an on-premises facility to a third-party managed datacenter. For continuity of operations and business agility, remote access to all hardware platforms must be available at all times. Access controls need to be very robust and provide an audit trail. Which of the following security controls will meet the company’s objectives? (Select two.)
An organization is deploying IoT locks, sensors, and cameras, which operate over 802.11, to replace legacy building access control systems. These devices are capable of triggering physical access changes, including locking and unlocking doors and gates. Unfortunately, the devices have known vulnerabilities for which the vendor has yet to provide firmware updates.
Which of the following would BEST mitigate this risk?
A security engineer wants to introduce key stretching techniques to the account database to make password guessing attacks more difficult Which of the following should be considered to achieve this? (Select TWO)
An internal application has been developed to increase the efficiency of an operational process of a global manufacturer. New code was implemented to fix a security bug, but it has caused operations to halt. The executive team has decided fixing the security bug is less important than continuing operations.
Which of the following would BEST support immediate rollback of the failed fix? (Choose two.)
A company’s security policy states any remote connections must be validated using two forms of network-based authentication. It also states local administrative accounts should not be used for any remote access. PKI currently is not configured within the network. RSA tokens have been provided to all employees, as well as a mobile application that can be used for 2FA authentication. A new NGFW has been installed within the network to provide security for external connections, and the company has decided to use it for VPN connections as well. Which of the following should be configured? (Choose two.)
The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a fast-growing company no longer knows all the employees and is concerned about the company's intellectual property being stolen by an employee. Employees are allowed to work remotely with flexible hours, creating unpredictable schedules. Roles are poorly defined due to frequent shifting needs across the company. Which of the following new initiatives by the information security team would BEST secure the company and mitigate the CEO's concerns?
Following a recent network intrusion, a company wants to determine the current security awareness of all of its employees. Which of the following is the BEST way to test awareness?
The security administrator of a small firm wants to stay current on the latest security vulnerabilities and attack vectors being used by crime syndicates and nation-states. The information must be actionable and reliable. Which of the following would BEST meet the needs of the security administrator?
As part of an organization's ongoing vulnerability assessment program, the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) wants to evaluate the organization's systems, personnel, and facilities for various threats As part of the assessment the CISO plans to engage an independent cybersecurity assessment firm to perform social engineering and physical penetration testing against the organization's corporate offices and remote locations. Which of the following techniques would MOST likely be employed as part of this assessment? (Select THREE).
A security engineer is analyzing an application during a security assessment to ensure it is configured to protect against common threats. Given the output below:
Which of the following tools did the security engineer MOST likely use to generate this output?
A developer is reviewing the following transaction logs from a web application:
Username: John Doe
Street name: Main St.
Street number: <script>alert(‘test’)</alert>
Which of the following code snippets should the developer implement given the above transaction logs?
A security engineer successfully exploits an application during a penetration test. As proof of the exploit, the security engineer takes screenshots of how data was compromised in the application. Given the information below from the screenshot.
Which of the following tools was MOST likely used to exploit the application?
A network administrator is concerned about a particular server that is attacked occasionally from hosts on the Internet. The server is not critical; however, the attacks impact the rest of the network. While the company’s current ISP is cost effective, the ISP is slow to respond to reported issues. The administrator needs to be able to mitigate the effects of an attack immediately without opening a trouble ticket with the ISP. The ISP is willing to accept a very small network route advertised with a particular BGP community string. Which of the following is the BESRT way for the administrator to mitigate the effects of these attacks?
A government entity is developing requirements for an RFP to acquire a biometric authentication system When developing these requirements, which of the following considerations is MOST critical to the verification and validation of the SRTM?
An organization is in the process of evaluating service providers for an upcoming migration to cloud-based services for the organization’s ERP system. As part of the requirements defined by the project team, regulatory requirements specify segmentation and isolation of the organization’s data. Which of the following should the vendor management team identify as a requirement during the procurement process?
A security engineer reviews the table below:
The engineer realizes there is an active attack occurring on the network. Which of the following would BEST reduce the risk of this attack reoccurring m the future?
A security engineer is making certain URLs from an internal application available on the Internet The development team requires the following
• The URLs are accessible only from internal IP addresses
• Certain countries are restricted
• TLS is implemented.
• System users transparently access internal application services in a round robin to maximize performance
Which of the following should the security engineer deploy7
A system administrator at a medical imaging company discovers protected health information (PHI) on a general-purpose file server. Which of the following steps should the administrator take NEXT?
A company that all mobile devices be encrypted, commensurate with the full disk encryption scheme of assets, such as workstation, servers, and laptops. Which of the following will MOST likely be a limiting factor when selecting mobile device managers for the company?
During an audit, it was determined from a sample that four out of 20 former employees were still accessing their email accounts An information security analyst is reviewing the access to determine if the audit was valid Which of the following would assist with the validation and provide the necessary documentation to audit?
An organization is creating requirements for new laptops that will be issued to staff One of the company's key security objectives is to ensure the laptops nave hardware-enforced data-at-rest protection tied to permanent hardware identities. The laptops must also provide attestation for secure boot processes To meet these demands, which of the following BEST represent the features that should be included in the requirements set? (Select TWO.)
A new security policy slates all wireless and wired authentication must include the use of certificates when connecting to internal resources within the enterprise LAN by all employees Which of the following should be configured to comply with the new security policy? (Select TWO).
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) needs to create a policy set that meets international standards for data privacy and sharing. Which of the following should the CISO read and understand before writing the policies?
A government contracting company issues smartphones to employees to enable access to corporate
resources. Several employees will need to travel to a foreign country for business purposes and will require access to their phones. However, the company recently received intelligence that its intellectual property is highly desired by the same country’s government. Which of the following MDM configurations would BEST reduce the risk of compromise while on foreign soil?
A security analyst receives an email from a peer that includes a sample of code from a piece of malware found
in an application running in the organization’s staging environment. During the incident response process, it is
determined the code was introduced into the environment as a result of a compromised laptop being used to
harvest credentials and access the organization’s code repository. While the laptop itself was not used to
access the code repository, an attacker was able to leverage the harvested credentials from another system in
the development environment to bypass the ACLs limiting access to the repositories. Which of the following
controls MOST likely would have interrupted the kill chain in this attack?
A system engineer is reviewing output from a web application vulnerability scan. The engineer has determined data is entering the application from an untrusted source and is being used to construct a query dynamically. Which of the following code snippets would BEST protect the application against an SQL injection attack?