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  • Exam Name: Fortinet NSE 7 - Enterprise Firewall 7.0
  • Last Update: Apr 23, 2024
  • Questions and Answers: 163
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NSE7_EFW-7.0 Practice Exam Questions with Answers Fortinet NSE 7 - Enterprise Firewall 7.0 Certification

Question # 6

Refer to the exhibits, which show the configuration on FortiGate and partial session information for internet traffic from a user on the internal network.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

If the priority on route ID 2 were changed from 10 to 0, what would happen to traffic matching that user session?

A.

The session would remain in the session table, but its traffic would now egress from both port1 and port2.

B.

The session would remain in the session table, and its traffic would egress from port2.

C.

The session would be deleted, and the client would need to start a new session.

D.

The session would remain in the session table, and its traffic would egress from port1.

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Question # 7

What events are recorded in the crashlogs of a FortiGate device? (Choose two.)

A.

A process crash.

B.

Configuration changes.

C.

Changes in the status of any of the FortiGuard licenses.

D.

System entering to and leaving from the proxy conserve mode.

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Question # 8

Refer to the exhibit, which shows the output of a diagnose command.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

What can be concluded about the debug output in this scenario?

A.

Servers with a negative TZ value are less preferred for rating requests.

B.

There is a natural correlation between the value in the Packets field and the value in the Weight field.

C.

FortiGate used 64.26.151.37 as the initial server to validate its contract.

D.

The first server provided to FortiGate when it performed a DNS query looking for a list of rating servers, was 121.111.236.179.

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Question # 9

View the exhibit, which contains the output of a BGP debug command, and then answer the question below.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

Which of the following statements about the exhibit are true? (Choose two.)

A.

The local router's BGP state is Established with the 10.125.0.60 peer.

B.

Since the counters were last reset; the 10.200.3.1 peer has never been down.

C.

The local router has received a total of three BGP prefixes from all peers.

D.

The local router has not established a TCP session with 100.64.3.1.

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Question # 10

Which real time debug should an administrator enable to troubleshoot RADIUS authentication problems?

A.

Diagnose debug application radius -1.

B.

Diagnose debug application fnbamd -1.

C.

Diagnose authd console –log enable.

D.

Diagnose radius console –log enable.

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Question # 11

Refer to the exhibit, which shows a partial routing table.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

Assuming all the appropriate firewall policies are configured, what two changes would an administrator need to make if they wanted to send traffic from a client directly connected to port3, to a server directly connected to port4? (Choose two.)

A.

Configure route leaking between VRF 12 and VRF 21.

B.

Disable auto-asic-offload as this is not supported between VRF instances.

C.

Configure RIPv2 to exchange route information between the VRF instances.

D.

Configure route leaking between port3 and port4.

E.

Enable SNAT on the relevant firewall policies to prevent RPF check drops.

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Question # 12

An administrator added the following Ipsec VPN to a FortiGate configuration:

configvpn ipsec phasel -interface

edit "RemoteSite"

set type dynamic

set interface "portl"

set mode main

set psksecret ENC LCVkCiK2E2PhVUzZe

next

end

config vpn ipsec phase2-interface

edit "RemoteSite"

set phasel name "RemoteSite"

set proposal 3des-sha256

next

end

However, the phase 1 negotiation is failing. The administrator executed the IKF real time debug while attempting the Ipsec connection. The output is shown in the exhibit.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

What is causing the IPsec problem in the phase 1 ?

A.

The incoming IPsec connection is matching the wrong VPN configuration

B.

The phrase-1 mode must be changed to aggressive

C.

The pre-shared key is wrong

D.

NAT-T settings do not match

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Question # 13

Refer to the exhibit, which contains the output of the diagnose vpn tunnel list.

Which command will capture ESP traffic for the VPN named DialUp_0?

A.

diagnose sniffer packet any ‘esp and host 10.200.3.2’

B.

diagnose sniffer packet any ‘ip proto 50’

C.

diagnose sniffer packet any ‘host 10.0.10.10’

D.

diagnose sniffer packet any ‘port 4500’

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Question # 14

Which the following events can trigger the election of a new primary unit in a HA cluster? (Choose two.)

A.

Primary unit stops sending HA heartbeat keepalives.

B.

The FortiGuard license for the primary unit is updated.

C.

One of the monitored interfaces in the primary unit is disconnected.

D.

A secondary unit is removed from the HA cluster.

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Question # 15

The CLI command set intelligent-mode controls the IPS engine’s adaptive scanning behavior. Which of the following statements describes IPS adaptive scanning?

A.

Determines the optimal number of IPS engines required based on system load.

B.

Downloads signatures on demand from FDS based on scanning requirements.

C.

Determines when it is secure enough to stop scanning session traffic.

D.

Choose a matching algorithm based on available memory and the type of inspection being performed.

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Question # 16

Refer to the exhibit, which shows the output of a BGP debug command.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

Which statement explains why the state of the 10.200.3.1 peer is Connect?

A.

The local router has a different AS number than the remote peer.

B.

The local router is receiving BGP keepalives from the remote peer, but the local peer has not received the openConfirm yet.

C.

The local router initiated the BGP session to 10.200.3.1 but did not receive a response.

D.

The router 10.200.3.1 has authentication configured for BGP and the local router does not.

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Question # 17

Examine the partial output from the IKE real time debug shown in the exhibit; then answer the question below.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

Why didn’t the tunnel come up?

A.

IKE mode configuration is not enabled in the remote IPsec gateway.

B.

The remote gateway’s Phase-2 configuration does not match the local gateway’s phase-2 configuration.

C.

The remote gateway’s Phase-1 configuration does not match the local gateway’s phase-1 configuration.

D.

One IPsec gateway is using main mode, while the other IPsec gateway is using aggressive mode.

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Question # 18

Refer to the exhibit, which contains partial output from an IKE real-time debug.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

The administrator does not have access to the remote gateway.

Based on the debug output, which configuration change can the administrator make to the local gateway to resolve the phase 1 negotiation error?

A.

In the phase 1 network configuration, set the IKE version to 2.

B.

In the phase 1 proposal configuration, add AES128-SHA128 to the list of encryption algorithms.

C.

In the phase 1 proposal configuration, add AESCBC-SHA2 to the list of encryption algorithms.

D.

In the phase 1 proposal configuration, add AES256-SHA256 to the list of encryption algorithms.

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Question # 19

View the exhibit, which contains the output of diagnose sys session list, and then answer the question below.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

If the HA ID for the primary unit is zero (0), which statement is correct regarding the output?

A.

This session is for HA heartbeat traffic.

B.

This session is synced with the slave unit.

C.

The inspection of this session has been offloaded to the slave unit.

D.

This session cannot be synced with the slave unit.

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Question # 20

Refer to exhibit, which contains the output of a BGP debug command.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

Which statement explains why the state of the 10.200.3.1 peer is Connect?

A.

The local router is receiving BGP keepalives from the remote peer, but the local peer has not received the OpenConfirm yet.

B.

The TCP session to 10.200.3.1 has not completed the three-way handshake.

C.

The local router is receiving the BGP keepalives from the peer, but it has not received a BGP prefix yet.

D.

The local router has received the BGP prefixes from the remote peer.

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Question # 21

Refer to the exhibit, which shows the output of diagnose sys session list.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

If the HA ID for the primary device is 0, what will happen if the primary fails and the secondary becomes the primary?

A.

Traffic for this session continues to be permitted on the new primary device after failover, without requiring the client to restart the session with the server.

B.

The secondary device has this session synchronized; however, because application control is applied, the session will be marked dirty and have to be re-evaluated after failover.

C.

The session state will be preserved but the kernel will need to re-evaluate the session due to NAT being applied.

D.

The session will be removed from the session table of the secondary device due to the presence of allowed error packets, which will force the client to restart the session with the server.

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Question # 22

Which of the following conditions must be met for a static route to be active in the routing table? (Choose three.)

A.

The next-hop IP address is up.

B.

There is no other route, to the same destination, with a higher distance.

C.

The link health monitor (if configured) is up.

D.

The next-hop IP address belongs to one of the outgoing interface subnets.

E.

The outgoing interface is up.

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Question # 23

Refer to the exhibit, which shows partial outputs from two routing debug commands.

NSE7_EFW-7.0 question answer

Which change must an administrator make on FortiGate to route web traffic from internal users to the internet, using ECMP?

A.

Set the priority of the static default route using port1 to 10. Most Voted

B.

Set the priority of the static default route using port2 to 1.

C.

Set preserve-session-route to enable.

D.

Set snat-route-change to enable.

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Question # 24

Four FortiGate devices configured for OSPF connected to the same broadcast domain. The first unit is elected as the designated router The second unit is elected as the backup designated router Under normal operation, how many OSPF full adjacencies are formed to each of the other two units?

A.

1

B.

2

C.

3

D.

4

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